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Greenhouse Gas Permitting
What is Greenhouse Gas Permitting?
In an effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, including the following greenhouse gases;
carbon dioxide (CO2)
nitrous oxide (N2O)
sulfur hexafluoride (SF6)
and other "fluorinated" greenhouse gases
the EPA now requires greenhouse gas permits from the largest stationary sources covered by the Prevention of Significant Deterioration, or "PSD" and Title V Operating Permit Programs which became effective on January 2, 2011.
Gas Permitting programs that are now required under the Clean Air Act, are proven
methods for protecting air quality. These same methods and tools will also
be used in reducing greenhouse
gas emissions. It
should be noted that the thresholds that were established in the Clean Air Act for determining when emissions of pollutants make a source subject to these permitting programs, 100
tons and 250 tons per year, were based on traditional pollutants and were not designed to be applied
The EPA’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions "Tailoring Rule" which was issued in May 2010, established a "common sense" approach to permitting sources with applicable greenhouse gas emissions permitting requirements. Under the rule, Greenhouse Gas Permitting will focus initially on the largest industrial sources and "shield" millions of small businesses that make up the vast majority of greenhouse gas emissions in the U.S. economy.
State and local permitting authorities have long-standing experience working together with owners and operators of industrial facilities, and EPA believes they are best suited to issue Clean Air Act permits to sources of greenhouse gas emissions. The EPA has stated that they are working closely with permitting authorities to ensure that the transition to Greenhouse Gas Permitting runs seamlessly.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is issuing the final series of actions that will ensure that the largest industrial facilities can get Clean Air Act permits that cover greenhouse gas emissions beginning in January 2011. These actions are part of EPA’s common sense approach to Greenhouse Gas Permitting as outlined in the spring 2010 tailoring rule.
The first set of actions will give the U.S. EPA the authority to permit the greenhouse gas emissions in seven states. These seven states include;
until such time that these states or their local regulatory agencies can revise their permitting regulations to cover these greenhouse gas emissions.
EPA is taking additional steps to disapprove part of Texas' Clean Air Act permitting program and the agency will also issue
greenhouse gas permits to facilities in the respective state. These actions will ensure that large industrial facilities will be able to receive permits for greenhouse gas emissions regardless of where they are located.
In the second set of actions, EPA has issued final rules that will ensure that there are no federal laws in place that require any state to issue a permit for greenhouse gas emissions below levels outlined in the tailoring rule.
EPA has worked closely with the states to ensure that the transition to Greenhouse Gas Permitting is smooth. States are best suited to issue permits to sources of greenhouse gas emissions and have experience working with industrial facilities. EPA will continue to work with states to help develop, submit, and obtain approval of the necessary revisions to enable the affected states to issue air permits to greenhouse gas emissions-emitting sources.
Beginning in January 2011, industries that are large emitters of greenhouse gas emissions, and are planning to build new facilities or make major modifications to existing ones, must obtain air permits and implement energy efficiency measures or, where available, cost-effective technology to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. This includes the nation's largest emitters of greenhouse gas emissions, such as power plants, refineries and cement production facilities. Emissions from small sources, such as farms and restaurants are not covered by these Greenhouse Gas Permitting requirements.
What is Greenhouse Gas Pollution?
Greenhouse gas pollution include greenhouse gases;
carbon dioxide (CO2)
nitrous oxide (N2O)
sulfur hexafluoride (SF6)
and other "fluorinated" greenhouse gases
that are believed by many scientists, environmental scientists and climate scientists and researchers to be the cause of climate change and/or global warming.
What is Greenhouse Gas Reporting?
Greenhouse gas reporting is required of certain companies within certain industries depending on the amount of greenhouse gas emissions they generate.
More specific information and updates follow from the following information which was adapted from the EPA's website:
In response to the FY2008 Consolidated Appropriations Act (H.R. 2764; Public Law 110–161), EPA issued the Mandatory Reporting of greenhouse gas emissions - known as Rule (74 FR 56260). This rule requires reporting of the data relating to greenhouse gas emissions and other relevant information from large sources and suppliers in the United States. The purpose of the rule is to collect accurate and timely GHG data to inform future policy decisions.
In general, the Rule is referred to as 40 CFR Part 98 (Part 98). Implementation of Part 98 is referred to as the Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program (GHGRP).
Suppliers of certain products that would result in greenhouse gas emissions if released, combusted or oxidized; direct emitting source categories; and CO2 injection facilities that sequester CO2 underground in the form of geologic sequestration or any purpose other than geologic sequestration, are covered in Part 98.
Is Your Company or Industry Subject to Greenhouse Gas Reporting?
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) now mandates greenhouse gas reporting of greenhouse gas emissions under the U.S. EPA's Clean Air Act.
The Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program (GHGRP) minimum annual threshold reporting greenhouse gas emissions is 25,000 metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions each year.
The GHGRP rule requires annual reporting of a company's carbon emissions for their greenhouse gas emissions including;
carbon dioxide (CO2)
nitrous oxide (N2O)
sulfur hexafluoride (SF6)
and other "fluorinated" greenhouse gases
Those businesses and their facilities that emit 25,000 metric tons or more per year of greenhouse gas emissions are required to submit annual reports to EPA.
Part 98 was published in the Federal Register (www.regulations.gov)
on October 30, 2009 under Docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OAR-2008-0508-2278.
On November 9, 2011, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency finalized technical corrections and other clarifying amendments to seven subparts under the Greenhouse Gas Reporting (40 CFR part 98). In this action, EPA amended 40 CFR part 98 to correct technical and editorial errors and to address certain issues identified as a result of working with entities required to report during rule implementation and outreach. In general, these amendments do not change the overall requirements of the rule but improve clarity and ensure consistency across the calculation, monitoring and data reporting requirements. In addition, EPA has provided a one-time extension of the reporting deadline to September 28, 2012 for the 12 source categories (I, L, T, W, DD, FF, II, QQ, RR, SS, TT, UU) that began collecting data in 2011 to ensure sufficient time for development and stakeholder testing of the electronic Greenhouse Gas Reporting tool for these subparts.
Energy Investment Banking
What is Energy Investment Banking?
Energy investment banking is very similar to traditional investment banking in that energy investment banks raise capital, trade in securities and manage corporate mergers and acquisitions, except that energy investment banks operate in the energy, oil and natural gas and more recently, renewable energy sectors.
We are interested in working with principals at energy investment banks that have interest in providing capital for companies in the energy, oil and natural gas and renewable energy industries. The companies we either represent or are providing consulting services to have; superior products, services, assets, management–led buyouts, acquisition financings, minority recapitalizations, capital for funding the growth of existing businesses or other opportunities - all of which are led by a superior management team that is adept at generating average profits and provide a "durable competitive advantage."
Companies we are interested in assisting include:
Superior Management Teams: The present management team must have a proven record of achievement, exceptional ability, unyielding determination, and unquestionable integrity.
We believe it is best to leave control with current the present owners and/or management team so that they can focus on their products/services, customers, employees and shareholders well for the long term.
2. Investment Size: $5 million to $25 million of equity capital. We may partner or syndicate with other investors or venture capital firms larger transactions.
3. EBITDA: Near–profitable to $10 million.
4. Growth: Historical growth of at least 20% per year which is sustainable into the future.
Market Size: Growing rapidly or large enough to allow company to achieve $100 million in revenues.
6. Industry: Present emphasis is in the energy, oil and natural gas - with a specific emphasis in the midstream oil and gas and midstream assets sector, as well as renewable energy.
Location: Continental U.S.
We seek to make investments for at least 6 to 7 years and provide "patient capital" for sustained growth and to assist our portfolio companies in succeeding.
PLEASE NOTE: We do NOT have interest in any of the following: startups, publicly traded companies, real estate developments of any kind, project finance or funding opportunities, oil and gas exploration companies (oil and gas production companies acceptable), troubled companies, turnarounds or in any company where senior management is departing.
If you have a business and financing need that meet all of the above criteria (items 1 - 7) above, we would be interested in reviewing an Executive Summary of your Business Plan. Please send the complete executive summary to us at: info@EnergyInvestmentBanking.com
What is "Decentralized Energy"?
Decentralized Energy is the opposite of "centralized energy." Decentralized Energy energy generates the power and energy that a residential, commercial or industrial customer needs, onsite. Examples of decentralized energy production are solar energy systems and solar trigeneration energy systems.
Today's electric utility industry was "born" in the 1930's, when fossil fuel prices were cheap, and the cost of wheeling the electricity via transmission power lines, was also cheap. "Central" power plants could be located hundreds of miles from the load centers, or cities, where the electricity was needed. These extreme inefficiencies and cheap fossil fuel prices have added a considerable economic and environmental burden to the consumers and the planet.
Centralized energy is found in the form of electric utility companies that generate power from "central" power plants. Central power plants are highly inefficient, averaging only 33% net system efficiency. This means that the power coming to your home or business - including the line losses and transmission inefficiencies of moving the power - has lost 75% to as much as 80% energy it started with at the "central" power plant. These losses and inefficiencies translate into significantly increased energy expenses by the residential and commercial consumers.
Decentralized Energy is the Best Way to Generate Clean and Green Energy!
How we make and distribute electricity is changing!
The electric power generation, transmission and distribution system (the electric "grid") is changing and evolving from the electric grid of the 19th and 20th centuries, which was inefficient, highly-polluting, very expensive and “dumb.”
The "old" way of generating and distributing
energy resembles this slide:
The electric grid of the 21st century (see slide below) will be Decentralized, Smart, Efficient and provide "carbon free energy" and “pollution free power” to customers who remain on the electric grid. The electric grid of the future will be comprised of both Onsite Power Generation plants and "utility scale power plants" that are fueled/powered with Biomass Gasification, Biomethane, Concentrating Solar Power, B100 Biodiesel, Distributed PV, EcoGeneration Systems, Geothermal Power Plants, Synthesis Gas, Rooftop PV, Solar Cogeneration, Solar Energy Systems, Solar Power Parks, Solar Trigeneration and Wind Power Generation - located at Residential, Commercial, Industrial and City/Municipal Locations.
Some customers will choose to dis-connect from the grid entirely. (Electric grid represented by the small light blue circles in the slide below.)
The transmission grid will be upgraded to a Unified Smart Grid, with green electrons now being wheeled via "High Voltage Direct Current."
Typical "central" power plants and the electric utility companies that own them will either be shut-down, closed or go out of business due to one or more of the following: failed business model, inordinate expenses related to central power plants that are inefficient, excessive pollution/emissions, high costs, continued reliance on the use of fossil fuels to generate energy, and the failure to provide efficient, carbon free energy and pollution free power.
Carbon free energy and pollution free power reduces our dependence on foreign oil and makes us Energy Independent while reducing and eliminating Greenhouse Gas Emissions.
* Some of the above information from the Department of Energy website with permission.
Hubbert's Peak Oil Predictions Now Proving True?
Marion King Hubbert was a geologist and scientist who worked at Shell Oil company's research lab in Houston, Texas. Hubbert made several important contributions to geology, geophysics and petroleum geology. Hubbert is most recognized for the "Hubbert Curve" and " Hubbert Peak Theory" which is now referred to as " Peak Oil.
Hubbert's life work determined that the world has a finite amount of petroleum that can be produced. (Similarly, there is a finite amount of coal.) Many scientists and engineers believe we have reached Hubbert's "peak oil" limit. Hubbert's espouses that when 50% of domestic crude oil production has been reached, that there will be such significant upward demand on prices of the limited supplies of oil production, that the U.S. economy will experience severe economic, social, and political turmoil.
Hubbert's Peak Oil predictions have proven to be true and this is validated as the U.S. in the early 1970's produced about 60% of its' oil demand and imported 40%. That equation has flipped since then, because our domestic oil production has been on the decline since 1970, so now, due to our declining domestic oil production, we have to import 60% of our oil supplies, to meet our country's oil/energy demands.
The Next Oil Shock Could be the "mother" of All Oil Shocks
How severe our economic calamity and next "oil shock" will depend upon a number of factors, including when this occurs, as well as the following:
1. the dependence of the individual country upon its own crude oil production to meet its energy needs and to subsidize consumer imports;
2. the rate of relative decline in crude oil production;
3. the degree of difficulty encountered in replacing missing energy inputs;
the degree to which our country had prepared in advance for this inevitable geological
and economic calamity.
Examples of past "oil shocks" and the economic and political calamities that followed:
United States: Our peak crude oil production of domestic oil occurred in 1970; the first "oil shock" and oil crisis followed in 1973 with the Arab/OPEC Oil Embargo.
Union: Their peak crude oil production
was in 1989; what happened next?
Their country disintegrated and the collapse of the Soviet Union followed in 1991.
Indonesia: Their peak crude oil production was in 1991; their financial and government crisis followed in 1997.
Iraq: Iraq's crude oil production was in 1989; they then invaded Kuwait (for their oil) in 1991.
Iran: Their peak crude oil production occurred in 1974; They had their islamic revolution 1979 that overturned government and replaced it with radical islam.
Using Mr. Hubbert's predictions, that beginning around 2000 we would see peak (global) oil production, then, if the country's not weaning themselves off of their oil addiction, and had not begun making the switch to renewable energy, that the negative economic and political calamities would soon follow, including ever-increasing prices of energy that is from fossil fuels.
is the time to begin weaning ourselves off of fossil fuels and making the
transition to and increasing the use of renewable energy. If
you don't believe in climate change, or global warming, GREAT! Join us in the
switch to renewable energy and a fossil-free economy!
America's "Clear and Present Danger"
Has INCREASED its' Dependence on Foreign
Sources of Energy by 50% Since 1973.
is even more "addicted" to foreign oil today, than we were in 1973 -
1974 when OPEC, Saudi Arabia and other suppliers from the Middle-East
stopped selling us their fossil fuels, and created a significant blow to our
According to the CIA Fact Book, Every Day, the U.S.
PRODUCES: 7,460,000 bbls of oil
CONSUMES: 20,800,000 bbls of oil
This Means that 65% of America's Energy Supplies are Now Imported from Suppliers from Foreign Countries.
Simply put, about 65% of the gasoline in your car's gas tank, comes from a foreign country.
EVERY day, the U.S. must IMPORT over 13 million bbls of oil from foreign countries and foreign suppliers to meet demand.
At $80/barrel of oil, this also means that $1,040,000,000.00 American Dollars leave our country, EVERY DAY, to foreign countries/suppliers of our fossil fuels, to pay for the energy we need.
That's $1 Billion EVERY day leaving our economy, and going to support a foreign country's economy.
Talk about our foreign trade deficit..... nearly $400 Billion each year, leaves our country to pay for our oil addiction and the energy we need. To be exact, that's $379,600,000,000.00 American Dollars.
This is NOT acceptable.
America needs to quickly transition to Energy Independence.
Renewable Energy is the Only Way America Can Achieve Energy Independence.
Millions of new and sustainable American jobs would be created here at home, if we would end our addiction to foreign fossil fuels, and quickly transition to an economy based on renewable energy and renewable fuels, produced here in the U.S.A.
The good news is that today, America already has all of the Renewable Energy Resources and Renewable Energy Technologies needed to make American Energy Independence a reality.
According to Monty Goodell, Founder and Chairman of the Renewable Energy Institute, "our increased dependence and reliance on foreign energy supplies represents a Clear and Present Danger to our national security, our economy, and the lives and livelihood of every American. Energy - including the energy we use from imported fossil fuels, is the very "lifeblood" of the American economy as it is for every industrialized country. An economy dies without it's lifeblood of energy. This Clear and Present Danger we face is far more serious than the problems related to greenhouse gas emissions. And while greenhouse gas emissions are very serious issue, in the long-term, pales in comparison to America's vital national security interests and America's economic stability in the short term. For this reason alone, America needs to transition away from its addiction to foreign energy supplies. And America's abundant renewable energy resources such as the energy we receive from the sun, and renewable energy technologies such as concentrated solar power (CSP) plants - can supply 100% of America's power requirements with a concentrating solar power plant measuring 75 miles by 75 miles, located in the Southwest U.S. By generating America's power from concentrating solar power plants, America resolves its' short-term Clear and Present Danger as it relates to importing its energy from foreign countries, and the long-term problems relating to greenhouse gas emissions."
Continuing, Mr. Goodell states that "too many Americans have forgotten what happened to us in 1973, when the Arabs and OPEC brought the United States economy to a screeching halt during the OPEC Oil Embargo. This happened because they (mainly the country of Saudi Arabia) disagreed with our foreign policy and is the reason why they "turned off the tap" of our need for their oil supplies. When Saudi Arabia and OPEC stopped the vital flow of oil to our country in 1973, they caused an "oil shock" that severely and negatively impacted our economy.
Mr. Goodell's question for us to ponder is, "do these countries who sell us 60% of our daily energy requirements, like us and our foreign policy, or might they leverage our addiction to their fossil fuels, and turn off the tap to make us adjust or revise our foreign policy?? Like any addict, America's foreign policy may be held hostage to its addiction, and in this case, our addiction to foreign oil, may over-ride our national interests."
American's forgotten the gas shortages and long lines at
their gas stations to get gas during the Arab Oil Embargo of 1973?
"Apparently so." Mr. Goodell states that "in 1973, America was 'addicted' and 'over the barrel' of foreign oil to the amount of 40%. Forty percent of our energy 'needs' in 1973 came from countries - many of which didn't like us then, and I'm afraid, many of them still don't. The difference between 1973 and today - is that today we receive 50% MORE foreign oil now than we did in 1973. And now we know about the problems relating to greenhouse gas emissions that we didn't know then. America needs to change course, and change course now, in terms of its' energy supplies and how we keep America's economy strong, without the threat of being held hostage to a middle-east tyrant or regime, that could once again, turn on us, and turn off our supply of foreign oil."
"Sadly," Monty Goodell continues, "most Americans have forgotten the long lines of people waiting in their cars - lined up and waiting for gasoline at their nearby gas station, with lines that were many blocks long. And, after waiting 4-5 hours, many even waiting overnight in many places, to finally take their turn to fill up their car with gasoline, only to find that the gas station had run out of gas."
"Let me Repeat.... That was 1973 when we imported 40% of our daily energy requirements in the form of crude oil from overseas, and from foreign countries - and many of these from countries that don't like us.
Today, over 35 years later, America has yet to learn the lesson. We cannot continue our reliance on energy from foreign countries that supply us with 60% of the crude oil that our refineries use as a feedstock for producing gasoline and diesel fuel for our cars and trucks comes from overseas.
America is "over the barrel" and it's not our barrel, but the barrels of oil that we are addicted by and owned by other countries. Why have we not learned the lessons we needed to learn in 1973 when we were cut-off from the vital energy supplies we need?
Countries like China, are growing rapidly, and have an insatiable need for crude oil. China, with their booming economy, is increasingly growing in its clout and control over international supplies of crude oil - whether they do this through their ability to buy as much oil as they need on a daily basis, or whether they simply but American drilling rigs, technology, and explore and produce oil and gas from their own fields. China, is buying large amounts of oil for their country, and causing upward pricing on declining supplies. What happens if Russia, with all of their oil and natural gas, along with China and Venezuela, with or without the help of OPEC, decided to NOT sell oil to us????
To be sure, greenhouse gas emissions are a problem, and to some, greenhouse gas emissions are also a Clear and Present Danger, but not to the extent that it presents an imminent Clear and Present Danger.
America's reliance for 60% of our energy "needs" coming from foreign suppliers is un-acceptable.
The "driver" to get America to begin reducing and eliminating fossil fuel use should be our nation's national security and the welfare and safety of its citizens. And this can all begin with developing and investing in our own renewable energy resources and renewable energy technologies, let's start by putting solar on every rooftop that has a clear and unobstructed view of the Southern sky. See www.RooftopPV.com or www.DistributedPV.com for more information. Let's create incentives begin with adopting a national "Feed In Tariff" as Germany did in 1990.
We simply do NOT have the luxury of time on our hands. We need to end our
dependence and reliance on foreign fossil fuels, especially from countries that
don't like us! We need to rapidly begin expanding renewable energy
resources and renewable
energy technologies from our vast and abundant renewable energy resources,
such as; solar, solar energy
systems, solar cogeneration,
"solar on every roof," along with; Biomass
Gasification, B100 Biodiesel, Biomethane,
Ethanol (from cellulosic, agricultural waste, sugar cane, etc., and NOT from
corn), Geothermal Power Plants,
Natural Wastewater Treatment,
Synthesis Gas, Waste
To Energy, Waste To Fuel and Wind
Power Generation where it makes economic and environmental sense."
more information, call/email: info@GreenhouseGasPermitting.com
Site for Greenhouse Gas Reporting: Biomass
Power Generation Cogeneration
Abatement * Emissions
End Engineering Design *
Air Pollutants Methane
Free Power *
Catalytic Reduction *
Organic Compounds Waste
Heat Recovery *
to Fuel ______________________________________________________ New
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We advocate and support greater use of "Carbon Free Energy" Technologies such
as Biomass Gasification, by providing the following Engineering, Marketing and
Project Development Services, on a Strict Supplier and Vendor-neutral Basis:
more information, call/email:
Site for Greenhouse Gas Reporting:
Biomass Gasification * Carbon Emissions * Carbon Free Energy * Clean Power Generation
Cogeneration * Emissions Abatement * Emissions Engineering * Engineering Feasibility
Front End Engineering Design * Engineering Feasibility * Hazardous Air Pollutants
Methane Recovery * Pollution Free Power * Recycled Energy * Engineering Feasibility
Selective Catalytic Reduction * Sewage Sludge * Trigeneration * Volatile Organic Compounds
Waste Heat Recovery * Waste to Energy * Waste to Fuel
New Employment Section!
Greenhouse Gas Permitting - Employment
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Are you doing your part to prevent Climate Change and End America's Reliance on Foreign Energy?
Our following EcoGeneration technologies, including; Biomethane, B100 Biodiesel and Synthesis Gas Fuels Generated from our "Waste to Fuel" technologies, are Carbon Free Energy and Pollution Free Power solutions that will:
* forever change the way energy is generated and used.
* eliminate or greatly reduce our customer's electric demand charges and electric expenses.
* slow, stop and eventually reverse climate change by reducing and then
eliminating anthropogenic greenhouse
gas emissions - of which carbon
dioxide emissions makes up 80% of all greenhouse
* reduce and eventually eliminate the use of coal and other fossil fuels.
reduce the need for inefficient and expensive central power plants owned by
* promote energy independence.
* end America's dependence on oil from OPEC and other countries in the Middle-East, Venezuela and end our need for importing natural gas from Russia.
Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Waste Heat Recovery
Waste to Energy
We support the Renewable Energy Institute by donating a portion of our profits to the Renewable Energy Institute in their efforts to reduce fossil fuel use through renewable energy and their goals to end fossil fuel pollution by reducing/eliminating Carbon Emissions, Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Greenhouse Gas Emissions.
The Renewable Energy Institute is "Changing The Way The World Makes and Uses Energy by Providing Research & Development, Funding and Resources That Creates Sustainable Energy via 'Carbon Free Energy' and 'Pollution Free Power' Through Expanding the use of Renewable Energy Technologies."
Email: info(@)Renewable Energy Institute (.)org
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